Sunday, November 05, 2006

Cernavoda mug and Kandiyur stone celt with Sarasvati hieroglyphs

Cernavoda mug provenanced to the Danube River basin, has glyphs encircling the top and bottom registers of the mug. It appears that some glyphs are hieroglyphs comparable to Sarasvati hieroglyphs. This occurrence parallels the occurrence of Sarasvati hieroglyphs on a stone celt found at Kandiyur on the River Kaveri basin. The explanation of occurrence of Sarasvati hieroglyphs (mlecchita vikalpa) may relate to miners and smiths traveling far and wide in search of minerals as they establish a riverine, maritime civilization, transiting from the neolithic to the metals age.

Writing on Cernavoda mug

Cernavoda is a culture on the Danube river basin dated to ca. 4500 to 2000 BCE. “Remnants of the society spread out from the Balkan Peninsula to Anatolia.” Cernavoda means ‘black waters’; and hence the name of the nearby black sea.

There are many gypsies in Cernavoda which points to the tradition of metal-smithy in the region from ancient times.

Enlargement of the top line of writing on the top register of the mug.

The dotted circles at the bottom of the mug, the svastika glyph (fourth sign from left on top row), five long linear strokes are glyphs which also occur on Sarasvati epigraphs (including copper plates). Sarasvati hieroglyphs have been deciphered as rebus representations of mleccha (proto-gypsy, proto-indic) speech. Svastika, for example, connotes satta, satva, jasta ‘zinc’; rebus: satthiya ‘svastika glyph’ (Punjabi) About Cernavoda I culture.

pasra = smithy (Santali) rebus: panca = five (Skt.) Tablet h182b with five alternating left- and right-handed svastika. Reading: Five + svastika = pasra ‘smithy’ + satva ‘zinc’.

Dotted circles: khan:ghar, ghan:ghar , ghan:ghar gon:ghor ‘full of holes’ (Santali); rebus: kan:gar ‘portable furnace’ (K.)‘

Thus, three glyphs on the Cernavoda mug may be concordant with the readings of Sarasvati hieroglyphs, if proto-gypsy movements into the Danube river basin can be posited as miners and smiths in search of minerals during the transition from neolithic to metals age.

This may also explain why the kandiyur stone celt also contains Sarasvati hieroglyphs.

Kandiyur celt with Sarasvati hieroglyphs and Bharatam civilization studies


The epigraph is composed of four hieroglyphs

Kandiyur celt with Sarasvati hieroglyphs connoting the repertoire of a smithy using kan.d. ‘furnace’ points to the need for researches related to a Kaveri joining Narmada and a Kaveri joining Amaravati river near Karur (Tiruchy). The researches also need to extend to the continuing s’ankha (turbinella pyrum) industry for about 8,500 years (from ca. 6500 BCE). The bharatiya languages of the 4th millennium were a linguistic area with Austro-Asiatic, Tamil and Prakrit-Pali (Mleccha, meluhha) speakers absorbing language features from one another. Explorations are called for along the palaeo-channels of River Kaveri, along the coastline from Dvaraka (Gujarat) to Puri (Orissa) and further along the Indian Ocean Rim to investigate the interactions during pre-historic times in the Indian Ocean Community leading to the attested 400+ Munda words in ancient texts including the Veda. Satellite images and sonograph studies have helped identify the submerged palaeo-channels of Narmada and Tapati rivers which were submerged by the incursion of the sea as announced in the Mausala Parvan of Mahabharata by S’ri Krishna. Archaeo-metallurgical, Marine archaeological and language studies along the 63,000 km. long Indian Ocean Rim will augur a good beginning to remember the cultural interactions which resulted in the largest Vishnu mandiram of the world at Angkor Wat (Nagara Vatika).

Kandiyur celt Sarasvati hieroglyphs

Kalyanaraman, Ph.D., Sarasvati Research Centre, Chennai 600015 4 November 2006